What Is Metal Stud Framing?

Metal stud framing is the skeleton of a building. It provides the framework for interior layout, ensures proper spacing of interior areas, is one of the first steps to any refurbishing or reconstruction project, and is essential to creating a space that is not only functional, but appealing as well.


Metal stud framing is the framework that lays out where partitions within a structure will sit. These partitions define rooms, cubicles, and open spaces, and where items like doors or windows will be positioned.

The framing is made up of metal studs that can be placed together to form the initial skeleton of a wall. There are 2 types of studs, known as U studs and C studs, which received their names from their unique shapes. U studs sit on the floor and ceiling of a project and are designed to hold the C studs in place. A C stud will sit at the end of each U stud, as well as at predetermined intervals along the path. This provides the drywall a central support that helps to keep it straight and avoid warping.

Once a partition is set up, it allows for electrical wiring and communications cable to be pulled through, leaving enough cable to reach outlets that will be installed later. After cabling and ventilation are installed, dry wall can be applied and the rest of the design can be implemented.


Unlike wood, metal is an extremely durablematerial. It doesn’t rot, won’t warp upon contact with wood, and can be stored in nearly any environment. This is essential when building or remodeling a space. Gypsum, one of the main components of dry wall, is water soluble, and wood is easily susceptible to influence from the elements. Using wood for a framing system might seem easier, but in the long term it can mean additional work years after a project is complete. The metal studs keep the wall off the floor, where water will accumulate during flooding, and ensure that the entire system is supported by a frame that will last for an extended period of time.


Installing a metal stud frame occurs over multiple steps. First, the installer will measure the U studs to specifications of the floor plan, making sure that each stud is exact in order to fit the layout. One poorly measured stud can ruin an entire lay out, making it harder to complete a project in a timely manner.

After the roof and floor U studs have been measured and placed, the outermost exterior C stud is measured and fitted into the floor stud. That outermost studs will be connected to the exterior walls of the building, holding the rest of the wall in place. The roof stud is then fitted to the initial C stud and drilled into place. After the framing studs have been secured, the frame is then filled with studs, placed at alternating points, which are the bracing for the exterior of the wall.

Contact United Builders Service if you are in need of metal stud framing on your next construction project.